3D machine control
3D machine control
3D machine control is the use of the
geospatial positioning of earthmoving
plant related to a digital design. The
system can be automatic where the driver
only steers the machine and a blade or
paver follows the design automatically or,
manual, where the driver follows display
screens on the machine.
3D model linked to construction
3D model linked to cost information/
Building Information Modelling (BIM)
Defined by Skanska as a collaborative
approach that ensures the right people
get the right project information at the
Level 2 BIM
A level of BIM capability, as determined
by the UK Government BIS BIM Strategy
Report. A managed 3D environment held
in separate discipline ‘BIM’ tools with data
attached. This level of BIM may utilise
4D construction sequencing and/or 5D
cost information. The Government’s BIM
Strategy Paper calls for the industry to
achieve Level 2 BIM by 2016.
A virtual environment that allows users
to walk into a visualisation at full scale,
providing immersion in the environment.
They are often enabled by data projectors
or large digital screens.
An issue in design coordination where
two or more components are supposed
to occupy the same space, or the spatial
relationship between components leads
to issues in access or clearance.
The process of identifying clashes using
Computer Aided Facilities Management (CAFM)
The process of using technology and
information, usually originally captured
through BIM processes, to aid in the
delivery of maintenance and management
of a completed project.
Common Data Environment (CDE)
An electronic document management
system configured to ensure a single source
of information for any given project. Used
to collect, manage and disseminate all
relevant approved project documents for
multi-disciplinary teams in a managed
process (as defined by PAS 1192-2:2013
Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie)
Structured facility asset information
for the commissioning, operation and
maintenance of a project often in a neutral
spreadsheet format that will be used to
supply data to the employer or operator to
populate decision-making tools, facilities
management and asset management
systems (as defined by PAS 1192-2:2013
The application of digital technologies in order to optimise working methods and deliver operational excellence through the sharing and reuse of reliable data and information.
Information of individual assets and
components that is collected on site.
Field management tools
Hardware designed to enable the
efficient capture of data in the field.
Geographical Information System (GIS)
A system designed to capture, analyse and
manage spatial or geographical data.
A methodology to identify, document,
standardise and, where possible, automate
optimal construction processes in order
to realise cost, time and sustainability
benefits. Includes the process of offsite
manufacturing, modularisation and
An instrument that uses a laser to measure
the distance between itself and the
surrounding objects at many thousands of
points in all directions. The laser scanner
captures a dense, accurate point cloud.
Devices are available that allow fixed point,
mobile and handheld scanning.
A three-dimensional representation in
electronic format of building elements
representing solid objects with true-toscale
spatial relationships and dimensions.
Tag and track
A process for accurately monitoring
different aspects of a construction project
throughout its life in order to capture data
from multiple supply chain partners in a